Obesity and high blood pressure are closely related. Studies have shown that there is a significant correlation between the two conditions. Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, while high blood pressure is defined as having a systolic blood pressure of 130 mmHg or higher and/or a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg or higher.
Obesity can cause high blood pressure in several ways.
First, excess body weight puts extra pressure on the walls of the blood vessels, which can cause them to narrow and increase blood pressure. Second, obesity can lead to insulin resistance, which can cause the kidneys to retain sodium and water, increasing blood volume and blood pressure. Third, obesity is often associated with a sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary choices, both of which can contribute to high blood pressure.
In addition, high blood pressure can also cause obesity.
When blood pressure is high, the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the body. This can cause the heart muscle to thicken and become less efficient, which can lead to fatigue and a decrease in physical activity. This, in turn, can lead to weight gain and obesity.
Therefore, for those who have already been diagnosed with high blood pressure or obesity, it is important to lose weight and maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle. This includes controlling the diet, reducing intake of high-calorie and high-fat foods, increasing physical exercise, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption, among other things.
Blood pressure is basically the amount of effort your blood needs to push through the arteries in the body. A normal blood pressure is between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. The first number refers to systolic pressure and the second number is diastolic pressure.
Systolic pressure is the amount of effort for the heart to push the blood out and diastolic pressure is the pressure between each heartbeat. However, many people don’t realize that their lifestyle habits could lead to a higher blood pressure.
These habits include unhealthy food (with high salt intake), too much caffeine, sedentary lifestyle and not enough sleep on a daily basis. When the food/alcohol intake isn’t monitored, the blood vessels will thicken and clog, leading the heart to use more pressure to push the blood throughout the body. Once the artery becomes stiff, it increases the likelihood of other consequences such as stroke.
Sadly, high blood pressure is becoming a norm these days. According to the National Health Statistics Reports published in June 2021, at least a quarter of people between the ages of 18 and 39 had high blood pressure.
This is slowly becoming known as a silent killer as any readings above the normal range could lead to a potential risk of heart disease in the near future. If the blood pressure is elevated for too long, it could cause a weakened heart and other heart conditions. Be sure to go for a medical checkup and assess your current health situation.
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