Probiotics are living bacteria taken to promote digestive health. They have the potential to evolve once inside the body and become harmful. Research has shown how some probiotics can attack the protective coating of the intestine and increase the risk of conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome. Unhealthy “junk” food diets with no fiber boost the chance of probiotics undergoing harmful changes. High-fiber diets, which promote gut bacteria diversity, are protective.
Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed, including enhancement of gut epithelial barrier function, blocking of pathogen binding, and vitamin synthesis. There has been increasing success in expanding the therapeutic scope and efficacy of probiotics through genetic engineering, with prior work demonstrating preclinical efficacy against infectious and metabolic diseases.
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